Publicacions RCP

Analysis of obstetrics and gynecology professional liability claims in Catalonia, Spain (1986-2010)

Gomez-Duran E.L., Mula-Rosias J.A., Lailla-Vicens J.M., Benet-Trave J., Arimany-Manso J.

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jflm.2012.12.006
  • Paraules clau: Claims; Liability; Malpractice; Negligence
  • Any: 2013
  • Categoria: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
  • Volum: 20
  • PubMedID: 23756513
  • Edició: 5
  • Idioma: Inglés
  • Pàgina d'inici: 442
  • Categoria abreujada: J. Forensic Leg. Med.
  • Pàgina final: 446
  • Tipus: Article
  • Link: Article




Objective: To identify relevant factors involved in obstetrics and gynecology (OG) professional liability claims to help archive better management of risks. Study design: Analysis of 885 OG claims opened between 1986 and 2010, with the identification of the most common events leading to a claim, the economical and juridical characteristics of the claims, as well as the relevant trends over the study period. Results: Most claims related to obstetrics. Labor, delivery and its complications accounted for 33.1% of the claims; 12.77% related specifically to cesarean. Oncological diseases, fetus death during labor and delivery, neurologically impaired infant and histerectomy-related problems were the most frequently claimed events. Most cases ended up without an indemnity payment and 37.7% of closed files were solved by an out-of-court procedure. Average payment was higher for the obstetric procedures than for those concerning gynecology cases. The proportion of claims relating to obstetrics increased during the study period, as well as the average payment. Conclusion: OG is at high-risk for malpractice claims, but compensation awards are not frequent. However, particular events, such as retained foreign objects, tubal ligation, ultrasound diagnosis or neurologically impaired newborns, deserve special attention regarding medico-legal issues. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.


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